Growing grapes

 

 

 

Grape varieties and their characteristics

Table varieties of grapes

Technical varieties of grapes

The classification of grape varieties on the novelty

The choice of grape variety

 

Tab is vineyards

Biological characteristics of grapes

Inventory winegrower

Preparation for tab a vineyard

Planting of vines

The quality of seedlings grape

Formation and pruning vines

Guyot system

 

Wine glasshouse culture

Soil conditions and location

Planting grapes

Pruning and forming grapes

Pollination of grapes

Decimation grapes

Supplementary feeding and watering grapes

The harvest of grapes

Pests and diseases of grapes

 

The basic rules grafting grapes

Grafting of grapes eye or bud

Grafting of grapes in a split green shoots

Grafting of grapes to split trunk

Using last year's grape cuttings

Grafting of grapes "green on green'

The method of budding grapes

Kilchevanie of grapes

Care of grafted grape plants

Reproduction of the grape

Wintering grapes

Derivation of frost varieties of grapes

 

The use of grapes for landscaping

Planting grapes at the walls and arbors

Formation and pruning vines for greenery

 

Care of vineyards

Artificial pollination of grapes

Fertilizers for grapes

Recovering the vines from frost damage

Elimination of thinning grapes

Pruning of vine

Green operations in the Vineyard

Improving the quality of grapes

 

Methods of protection of grapes

Pests of grapevine

Diseases of the vine

Weed plants

Protection of vineyards from disease

Definition of diseases of grapes on the external signs of injury

Protecting grapes from pests and diseases

Characteristics of herbicides permitted for use

Precautions when working with pesticides

 

Collection and processing of grapes

Collection and storage of grapes

Grapes in cooking

 

Making a home of grape wine

Dry wines

Dessert wines

Manufacturing technology of sweet dessert of grape wine

The composition of grape wine

Diseases of the wine

Classification of wines

Table wines

Local wines

Quality wines

Wine tasting

Making wine from fruit and berries

Storage of wine

 

Culture of wine drinking

Culture of wine consumption

 

Wintering grapes

Regardless of the shelter is held or rod remains on the surface, to prepare bushes for winter in advance and must be carefully throughout the growing season. For this purpose, conduct the following activities:

Х leave when trimming bushes sufficient long-term timber, which is storage plastic substances, resisting cold, and also serves as a repository of nutrients;

Х comply with all conditions necessary for the timely and full maturation of the vines;

Х eliminate the nitrogen fertilizing of the summer;

Х stop watering the beginning of ripening berries;

Х organize a spacious trellis;

Х normalized yield stress;

Х carry out a selective removal of clusters;

Х take timely coinage;

Х promote hardiness, why spend foliar feeding of ammonium molybdate (8.9 g per 10 liters of water) in the early growth of berries;

Х carry out selection for the cultivation of the most winter-hardy grape varieties.

An important condition for safe overwintering is hardening shoots before shelter. It is established that the bushes are this stage when the temperature drops to 5 .. . .. +1 To -1 .- 4 ∞ C. So do not rush to excess with shelter and not be afraid of such temporary cooling. The danger of freezing the vines in winter increases in renting belated harvest. Experience shows that a late grape harvest is only allowed in hot years. If the summer was cool and rainy, ripe grapes before take off. It should also be remembered that a favorable effect on the over-wintering roots and vines, which has abundant autumn charging with moisture (dry soil cools more than wet). Terms of vines cover for each zone on your own. It is important to keep in the period from the beginning of leaf fall before frost, but it does not fall under the frosts of the order of -6 ... -10 ∞ C and more. At this point, should complete all the preparatory operations. These include: analysis of bushes, clarification of the structure and trim, split sleeves for two arms of fascine, check and repair a covering devices, laying the preparation of "tracks" (or trench beds), disinfection of the vines and the soil loosened nitrafen or green vitriol.

If sheltering bushes in the main land, selected from between the rows (with the formation of trenches on both sides of the series), then fascine can be placed in shallow longitudinal grooves. Pinned vine straps, or press down with stones, bricks. The threat of flooding during its wintering grounds (and, hence, molding, rotting) is virtually eliminated. Other business - using wooden boards or slate gutters, as well as various insulated frames. In this case, do not bury fascine, but rather to pour along the "route" 20-cm layer of loose soil, to protect the vines from stagnant water.

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¬ыращивание винограда

 

Growing grapes